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SIGNS OF ILL HEALTH



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SIGNS OF DISORDERS
THE FOLLOWING TABLE IS MEANT FOR A GUIDE ONLY IF YOU HAVE ANY WORRIES OR CONCERNS ABOUT YOUR CAT THEN PLEASE CONSULT YOUR VET IMMEDIATELY

CLINICAL SIGNS CAUSES ACTION
SCRATCHING/EXCESS LICKING External parasites are the most common cause of scratching, but allergies
to food or environmental causes may also be responsible. Cats lick most wounds thoroughly. Impacted anal sacs cause a cat to lick its anal region.
Check the skin thoroughly for signs of parasites such as specks of black glistening flea droppings, and treat accordingly. If there is a small wound, see your vet. It may seem insignificant but there might be hidden damage.
EYE CONDITIONS Viral,bacterial,and chlamydial infections cause inflammation and discharge. Many of these diseases transmit easilt to other cats. Eyes may be injured or become inflamed through environmental irritation or allergy. Vaccinate your cat preventatively against transmissible infections. Treat affected individuals with appropriate antibiotics or other drugs. Always have your vet examine any physical injuries to the eyes.
EAR CONDITIONS Ear mites cause dark, gritty wax to build up in the ears. Cats scratch and shake their heads. Infections are common. Many older cats have benign tumours of the ear canal called ceruminomas. Eliminate parasites with appropriate medications. Break down built-up ear wax with olive oil. Untreated chronic ear infections lead to ceruminomas. Which may need surgical removal.
BAD BREATH/DROOLING Gum infection is the most common problem suffered by felines. Fetid breath is caused by bacteria multiplying at the tooth margins. Severe gum inflammations, which may be virus-induced, causes drooling. Prevent gum disease by permitting your cat to exercise its teeth and gums. Chewing on bones is the most effective and natural method. But beware of possible splinters. Viral gum disease needs veterinary attention.
SNEEZING/NASAL DISCHARGE A variety of viral and bacterial cause sneezing or nasal discharge. Allergies and foreign objects such as blades of grass in the nose may also be responsible. Older cats can develop irritating nasal polyps or tumours. Vaccinate your cat preventatively against transmitted diseases. If your cat has allergies. Avoid allergerns when possible or use antihistamines and other treatments to reduce irritation.
COUGHING/GAGGING Coughing may be caused by a variety of medical conditions, including allergies, parasites, chest and upper respiratory infections, more serious chest complaints, or forms of heart disease. Although it may simply be an allergic bronchitis, cat can suffer from a wide range of more serious chest complaints. If your cat is coughing always consult your vet for an accurate diagnosis
BREATHING DIFFICULTIES Chest and upper respiratory tract infections may cause breathing difficulties. so too does asthma, a serious, even life threatening problem. trauma to the chest or diaphragm seriously affects breathing. All breathing difficulties are serious. your cat should be seen immediately by a vet. intervention with drugs or surgery is often vital to restore ease of breathing.
VOMITING Occasional vomiting is often caused by diet or eating grass. cats regurgitate hairballs, an action seemingly similar to vomiting persistent vomiting often has a metabolic cause elsewhere in the body. Use cat laxatives for cats suffering from hairballs. Offer grass to eat. All cases of persistent vomiting should be seen by a vet who will make an accurate diagnosis of the cause.
DIARRHOEA/CONSTIPATION Diarrhoea is often diet induced but it may also be caused by parasites infection, malabsorption conditions, or in older cats by masses in the intestinal wall. Do not confuse the straining of diarrhoea with constipation. Contact your vet for advice. Simple diarrhoea can be treated successfully with a short fast The cause of persistent needs to be know for effective treatment prevent constipation with cat laxatives.
LOSS OF WEIGHT This is a general sign that a cat is unwell. Starving is the most common cause in young cats. Kidney problems or overactive thyroids are the most common causes in older cats that continue to eat well. Always see your vet if your cat is eating but still losing weight; it is usually a sign of significant problems. Changes in diet,surgery,and other medical treatments may be useful.
LOSS OF APPETITE A short loss of appetite is seldom a problem. A cat may be bored or have eaten elsewhere. Loss of appetite for more than a day is an important clinical sign that a cat is unwell; it is associated with many problems. Consult your vet,who will carry out an examination and possibly test to find the cause of your cat's loss of appetite. Although many causes are serious,others can be trated easily.
BIRTH PROBLEMS Most cats experience few difficulties giving birth. Some,however,have poor contractions or are unable to deliver their kittens because of problems in the birth canal. If your cat is pregnant,make sure that your vet is informed of the expected due date. prepare a quiet place at home for the birth. If labour lasts for more than two hours,veterinsry help is required.
URINATION PROBLEMS Straining to urinate may be caused by mineral crystals or infection in the urinary tract. Decreased urination is caused by dehydration or blocked bladder. Increased urination has a variety of significant causes. Contact your vet if there are any changes in your cat's urination routines. All are significant and some changes are associated with serious conditions that need immediate medical attention.
LOSS OF BALANCE Injuries are most common causes of balance problems. Blood loss,strokes,middle-ear infections,viral diseases,and other serious problems can cause a drunken-like walk. All causes of loss of balance are potentially serious;some are life-threatening emergencies. see your vet immediately. Your cat may look normal outwardly,but have very serious internal problems.
SEIZURES/PARALYSIS Epilepsy,brain inflammation,and poisons can cause seizures. Paralysis is frequently associated with severe neck injuries,but may also be caused by infections and poisons. Seek urgent veterinary attention for paralysis,and urgent veterinary advice for seizures. Vaccinate your cat against infectious diseases,including rabies where warranted or necessary.
BEHAVIOUR CHANGES A variet of physical but also emotional problems may manifest themselves only through moderate changes in your cat's behaviour. Trauma,infection and metabolic conditions have behaioural consequences. If your cat's behaviour changes,no matter how slightly,always consult your vet.A minor behaviour change may signify a considerable problem; cats are naturally reticent and seldom complain.



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